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7.   THE KINGDOMS THAT CAME INTO EXISTENCE AS  A
CONSEQUENCE OF A SERIES OF REBELLIONS
AGAINST MUHAMMAD BIN TUGELAK.
" During the time of this worthless king who kept his troth
with no one, rebellious men. grew powerful. On every side arose
uproar and noise; on every side men  of enterprise lifted up
their heads; and in every country ruled a  new king.    Ma'bar
became the seat of a separate government, and in that country
a Sayyid became king. The country of Tiling rose in rebellion,
and the fort of Tiling* passed from the hands of the Turks. An
apostate seized the country of Kannad, and captured (the terri-
tory) from Gruty to the boundary of Ma'bar.    (The country)
from Kahram  and  Samana to the Punjab and the districts of
Lahore and Multan were devastated.   In that country, families
of saints of firm faith were afflicted with tyranny. In Lakhnauty,
a king with a royal canopy appeared  on the  throne.    The
whole   of Tirhut  and Graur became recalcitrant,  struck by
a destructive wave of rebellion.   Malwa showed an inclination
towards   rebellion,  and  the infidels recaptured  it  excepting
a few places.   The whole country of Mandu was seized, and
the Mussalmans shut themselves in the forts like the Hindus
(in the past).    The whole kingdom of Gujarat rebelled, the
infidels increased (in power), and (the power of) the Mussalmans
became less.   At last when the tyranny of the king passed
beyond bounds, the country of Marhatta turned against him.
The people rebelled against that mean king, because they saw
in him a great inclination towards heathenism.   His kingdom
was thrown into disorder from one end to the  other, and all
his officers turned against him.   No power remained in him
for war ;  (and) just as a lion suffering from skin disease would
become a frog-eater, he destroyed with the sword of oppression
a band of wretches (who were) around him, (and) whose blood
he was destined  to  shed;  and his  army decreased by day
and night.   Owing to severe   oppression,  famine, and death-
sentences all the people were seized with hatred towards him.